Index

        Note: Page numbers of article titles are in boldface.

        A

        Abductor digiti minimi muscles, testing of, 196
        Abductor hallucis muscle, testing of, 196
        Achilles reflex, testing of, 196
        Anterior compartment
         fasciotomy of, 226–227
         pressure measurement in, 223
        Arthroplasty, first metatarsophalangeal joint, osseous pathology after, 293–297
        Association of Extremity Nerve Surgeons, 192
        AxoGuard Nerve Protector, for capping intermetatarsal stump neuroma, 235–242

        B

        Biopsy, for small fiber neuropathy, 185–189
        Brand, Paul Wilson, 204–208
        Burning sensation, in small fiber neuropathy, 185–189

        C

        Calcaneal nerve, vibration testing of, 199
        Carpal tunnel decompression, for leprous neuropathy, 207–214
        Chronic exertional compartment syndrome, 219–233
         anatomy of, 222
         clinical examination in, 222
         differential diagnosis of, 220–221
         etiology of, 221–222
         fasciotomy for, 226–231
         pathophysiology of, 219
         postoperative phase of, 231–232
         testing for, 222–226
         versus acute extertional compartment syndrome, 219
        Clinical examination, 193
        Cochrane, Robert Greenhill, 204–205
        Common fibular nerve
         compression of, 283–291
        anatomic considerations in, 284–285
        causes of, 286
        clinical examination for, 286–287
        decompression for, 287–290
        history of, 283–284
        symptoms of, 285–286
         intraoperative monitoring at, 258–263
        Common peroneal nerve, entrapment of, after failed first metatarsophalangeal joint arthroplasty, 293–297
        Compartment syndrome, chronic exertional, 219–233
        Computed tomography, for chronic exertional compartment syndrome, 226
        Cornblath critique, of nerve decompression hypothesis, 274
        Cubital tunnel decompression, for leprous neuropathy, 207–214

        D

        Dapsone, for leprosy, 204
        Decompression surgery
         for diabetic symmetric peripheral neuropathy, 270–277
         for leprous neuropathy
        history of, 207–208
        new conceptual approach to, 208–215
         for superficial fibular nerve entrapment, 249–253
         intraoperative monitoring during, 255–266
        Deep posterior compartment
         fasciotomy of, 228–231
         pressure measurement in, 224
        Deep tendon reflexes, evaluation of, 194, 197
        Dellon, Leon, nerve decompression hypothesis of, 271–273
        Diabetic neuropathy. See also Diabetic symmetric peripheral neuropathy.
         common fibular nerve decompression for, 285–286
         nerve surgery for, 209
        Diabetic Neuropathy Nerve Decompression (DNND) Study, 275
        Diabetic symmetric peripheral neuropathy, 267–282
         complications of, 268
         economic aspects of, 277
         economics of, 270
         pathogenesis of, 268
         statistics on, 267–268
         treatment of, 268–269
         ulceration recurrence in, 270
        DNND (Diabetic Neuropathy Nerve Decompression) Study, 275
        Drop foot, common fibular nerve decompression for, 283–284
        DSPN. See Diabetic symmetric peripheral neuropathy.

        E

        Elbow, nerve decompression at, 207–214
        Electrodes, for intraoperative monitoring, 258–263
        Entrapment, superficial fibular nerve. See Superficial fibular nerve injuries and entrapment.
        Exercise, chronic exertional compartment syndrome in, 219–233
        Extensor digitorum longus muscle, testing of, 195
        Extensor hallucis longus muscle, testing of, 195
        Extertional compartment syndrome, chronic, 219–233
        Extracellular matrix material, for capping intermetatarsal stump neuroma, 235–242

        F

        Fasciotomy, for chronic exertional compartment syndrome, 226–231
        Father Damien House, 212–215
        Fibular nerve
         common, compression of, 283–291
         vibration testing of, 199
        Fibular nerve injuries and entrapment. See Superficial fibular nerve injuries and entrapment.
        First metatarsophalangeal joint arthroplasty, osseous pathology after, 293–297
        Flexor digitorum longus muscle, testing of, 196

        G

        Gait testing, 201, 287
        Gastrocnemius muscle, testing of, 196
        Genetic factors, in chronic exertional compartment syndrome, 221

        H

        Hamstring muscles, testing of, 195
        Hansen, Gerhard Arnauer, 204
        Hip muscles, testing of, 195
        Hockey stick-shaped probe, for intraoperative monitoring, 262–263

        I

        Intermediate dorsal cutaneous nerve, protection of, in surgery, 246
        Intermetatarsal neuroma, stump, processed porcine extracellular matrix material capping for, 235–242
        Intraepidermal nerve endings, abnormal, in small fiber neuropathy, 185–189
        Intraoperative monitoring, during decompression surgery, 255–266
         advantages of, 255–258
         procedure for, 258–263
        Intrinsic muscles, testing of, 196

        L

        Lateral compartment
         fasciotomy of, 226–228
         pressure measurement in, 223–224
        Lateral plantar nerve, neurolysis of, after failed first metatarsophalangeal joint arthroplasty, 293–297
        Length-dependent axonopathy, 268
        Leprous neuropathy, 203–217
         drug ineffective in, 206–207
         historical view of, 203–207
         peripheral nerve surgery for
        history of, 207–208
        new conceptual approach to, 208–215
        Lower Extremity Amputation Prevention, 268

        M

        Magnetic resonance imaging
         for chronic exertional compartment syndrome, 226
         for superficial fibular nerve entrapment evaluation, 248
        Manual muscle testing, 193–196
        Manual nerve percussion test, 200–201
        Medial dorsal cutaneous nerve, protection of, in surgery, 246
        Medial plantar nerve, neurolysis of, after failed first metatarsophalangeal joint arthroplasty, 293–297
        Median nerve
         leprosy affecting, 205, 207–214
         vibration testing of, 199
        Monitoring, during decompression surgery, 255–266
        Motor examination, 193–194
        Muscle herniation, superficial fibular nerve entrapment in, 245
        Mycobacterium leprae infections. See Leprous neuropathy.

        N

        National Leprosarium of the United States, Carville, Louisiana, 207
        Nerve blockade, for superficial fibular nerve entrapment evaluation, 248–249
        Nerve percussion test, 200–201
        Nerve-related injuries
         chronic exertional compartment syndrome, 219–233
         decompression surgery for. See Decompression surgery.
         in diabetic neuropathy, 267–282
         intermetatarsal neuromas in, 235–242
         leprous neuropathy, 203–217
         neurologic examination for, 191–202
         of common fibular nerve, 283–291
         of superficial fibular nerve, 243–254
         osseous pathology in, 293–297
         small fiber neuropathy, 185–189
        Neurectomy, for superficial fibular nerve entrapment, 249–253
        Neurologic examination, 191–202
         clinical, 193
         deep tendon reflexes, 194, 197
         for common fibular nerve compression, 287
         motor, 193–194
         sensory, 197–202
        Neurolysis
         for leprous neuropathy
        history of, 207–208
        new conceptual approach to, 208–215
         for multiple nerves, after failed first metatarsophalangeal joint arthroplasty, 293–297
         for superficial fibular nerve entrapment, 249–253
        Neuromas
         of multiple nerves, after failed first metatarsophalangeal joint arthroplasty, 293–297
         stump, intermetatarsal, processed porcine extracellular matrix material capping for, 235–242
        NIM 3.0 Nerve Monitoring System, 258–263
        Numbness
         in chronic extertional compartment syndrome, 220
         in small fiber neuropathy, 185–189

        O

        Osseous pathology, after first metatarsophalangeal joint arthroplasty, 293–297

        P

        Pain, in small fiber neuropathy, 185–189
        Patellar reflex, testing of, 196
        Percussion test, nerve, 200–201
        Peroneal nerve, decompression of, for leprous neuropathy, 212
        Peroneus brevis muscle, testing of, 195–196
        Pinprick test, for superficial fibular nerve entrapment, 245
        Plantar nerve, vibration testing of, 199
        Porcine extracellular matrix material, for capping intermetatarsal stump neuroma, 235–242
        Position sense, testing for, 201
        Pressure Specified Sensory Device, for superficial fibular nerve entrapment, 245, 249
        Processed porcine extracellular matrix material, for capping intermetatarsal stump neuroma, 235–242
        Proprioception, testing for, 201

        Q

        Quadriceps muscles, testing of, 195
        Queens Square Hammer, for reflex testing, 197

        R

        Radial nerve, decompression of, for leprous neuropathy, 212
        Raymond M. Curtis Hand Center, 206
        Reflexes, testing of, 194, 197

        S

        Sensory examination, 197–202
        Sharp and dull discrimination, in sensory examination, 197
        Sherrington, Charles Scott, 205
        Skin biopsy, for small fiber neuropathy, 185–189
        Small fiber neuropathy, 185–189
        Soleal sling, intraoperative monitoring at, 258–263
        Stimulating probes, for intraoperative monitoring, 260–263
        Straight leg test, 201
        Strength testing, 193–196
        Stryker Intra-Compartmental Pressure Monitor System, 222
        Stryker Quick Pressure Monitor Set, 222
        Stump neuroma, intermetatarsal, processed porcine extracellular matrix material capping for, 235–242
        Superficial fibular nerve injuries and entrapment, 243–254
         anatomic considerations in, 245–246
         decompression of, 249–253
         diagnosis of, 246–249
        Superficial posterior compartment
         fasciotomy of, 228–231
         pressure measurement in, 224

        T

        Tarsal tunnel, intraoperative monitoring at, 258–263
        Temperature testing, 201
        Temporary neurogenic claudication, 232
        Tibial nerve
         decompression of, for leprous neuropathy, 212
         neurolysis of, after failed first metatarsophalangeal joint arthroplasty, 293–297
        Tibialis anterior muscles, testing of, 195
        Tibialis posterior muscle, testing of, 196
        Tinel sign, 201, 248
        Tuning fork, for vibratory perception testing, 197–199
        Two-point discrimination test, 197, 245

        U

        Ulnar nerve, leprosy affecting, 205, 207–214
        Ultrasonography, for superficial fibular nerve entrapment, 248

        V

        Vibratory perception, testing of, 197–199

        W

        Whartenberg wheel, 197